Cannabidiol (CBD) is a key component of Cannabis sativa L. that accounts for many of the plant’s natural health benefits. It is the second most prominent phytocannabinoid in the Cannabis sativa L. plant. CBD is a pleiotropic component meaning it produces many effects through multiple molecular pathways. CBD acts through various receptor-independent channels, and by binding with a number of non-cannabinoid receptors and ion channels, to exert its therapeutic effects.
Phytocannabinoids are plant derived compounds that are capable of either directly interacting with cannabinoid receptors, sharing chemical similarities with cannabinoids that allow them to interact with components of the endocannabinoid system, or both.